Its capital and largest city is Indianapolis.
Indianawas admitted to the United States as the nineteenth state on December 11, 1816. It is bordered by Lake Michigan. Indiana, one of the 50 states in the United States.
In the USA, it is located in the Mid-Atlantic region in the northeastern part of the United States. It is located at a latitude of 39.0458° N and a longitude of 76.6413° W. Known as the Hoosier State, Indiana is a state with great pride. Indiana is located in the Midwest region and in the Great Lakes region of the United States.
With Michigan to the north and Kentucky to the south, Indiana also shares borders with Ohio and Illinois. Indiana is located in the Midwest of the United States and is one of eight states collectively known as the “Great Lakes Region”. The state of Indiana is the nineteenth state in the United States. UU.
State and is located in the Midwest region of the United States of America. With about 6.3 million inhabitants, it ranks 14th in population and 17th in population density. Indiana is ranked 38th in land area. Indiana is a diverse state with urban areas and smaller industrial cities.
It is known for the Indianapolis 500 Mile race, which is held annually during Memorial Day weekend, and for a strong basketball tradition, often referred to as Hoosier. Residents of Indiana are called Hoosiers. Indiana is bounded on the north by Lake Michigan and the state of Michigan; on the east by Ohio; on the south by Kentucky, which shares the Ohio River as its border; and on the west by Illinois. Indiana is one of the Great Lakes states.
The northern boundary of the states of Ohio, Indiana and Illinois was originally defined as a latitudinal line drawn through the southern end of Lake Michigan. Because that line would not provide Indiana with a usable facade on the lake, its northern border shifted ten miles to the north. The northern borders of Ohio and Illinois were also shifted from this original plan. The 475 mile (764 km) long Wabash River divides the state from northeast to southwest and has given Indiana several major themes, On the Banks of the Wabash, The Wabash Cannonball and Back Home Again, In Indiana.
The White River (a tributary of the Wabash, a tributary of Ohio) zigzags through central Indiana. The northwestern corner of the state is part of the Chicago metropolitan area and has nearly one million residents. Gary and the cities and towns that make up the northern half of Lake, Porter and La Porte Counties, which border Lake Michigan, are actually suburbs of Chicago that move on a daily basis. Porter and Lake Counties are commonly referred to as the Calumet region.
They are all in the central time zone along with Chicago. The Northern Indiana Commuter Transportation District (NICTD) owns and operates the South Shore Line, a commuter rail line that operates electric trains between South Bend and Chicago. Sand dunes and heavy industry share the shoreline of Lake Michigan in northern Indiana. The South Bend metropolitan area, in north-central Indiana, is the trade center of the region better known as Michiana, reflecting the interconnection with neighboring Michigan.
Fort Wayne, the second largest city in the state, is located in the northeastern part of the state. Northern Indiana is the site of one of the world's great ecological regions, the Indian Dunes, an enormous complex of living dunes at the southern end of Lake Michigan. The dunes are a relic ecosystem that provides habitat for many rare species of plants. The Kankakee River, which meanders through northern Indiana, roughly demarcates suburban northwest Indiana from the rest of the state.
The state capital, Indianapolis, is located in the center of the state. It is the intersection of many interstate and American highways that gives the state its motto of The Crossroads of America. Rural areas in the central part of the state are usually composed of a mosaic of fields and forested areas. Evansville, the third largest city in Indiana, is located in the southwestern corner of the state.
It is located in a three-state area that includes Illinois, Indiana and Kentucky. The southeastern cities of Clarksville, Jeffersonville and New Albany are part of the Louisville metropolitan area. Southern Indiana is a mix of farmland and forest. Hoosier National Forest is a 200,000 acre (80,900 ha) nature reserve in south-central Indiana.
Southern Indiana's topography is more varied than that of the north and generally contains more hills and geographical variations than the northern part, such as the Knobs, a 1,000-foot series. Brown County is known for its rolling hills covered with colorful fall foliage in the fall, according to poet T, S. The former home of Eliot and Nashville, county seat and shopping destination. The limestone geology of southern Indiana has created numerous caves and one of the largest limestone quarry regions in the United States.
Many of Indiana's official buildings, such as the state capitol building, the downtown monuments, the Indiana University School of Law in Indianapolis and the Indiana Government Center, are examples of Indiana architecture made with the state's limestone. Most of Indiana has a humid continental climate, with hot, humid summers and cold to cold winters. The southernmost parts of the state border a humid subtropical climate with slightly milder winters. Maximum summer temperatures average around 29°C (85°F) and the coldest nights are around 16°C (60°F).
Winters are a bit more variable, but generally temperatures range from cold to cold. Most of Indiana averages above freezing, even in the coldest part of winter, except for the northernmost tip of the state; the minimum temperature is lower than 20° F (-8° C) in most parts of the state. The state receives 40 inches (1,000 mm) of precipitation per year across the state, in all four seasons, and from March to August it's slightly wetter. The Algonquin tribes, mainly those of Miami and the Shawnee, fought to protect the land of the Iroquois when they moved west from New York.
The Potawatomi and the Delaware also lived in what is now Indiana. The Saint Joseph River was a means of transportation for French fur traders, connecting Canada and Louisiana. Settlers from the south and east began to settle along the Ohio and Wabash rivers. The French saw this as a potential threat and later built three forts: Fort-Miami (170); Fort-Ouiatanon (171) and Fort-Vincennes (173).
The area was claimed for New France in 1763 and ceded to Great Britain as part of the agreement between the French and Indian Wars, prohibiting the entry of white settlements. In 1774, the Parliament annexed the land to Quebec. Native peoples and whites continued to fight until 1794, when General Anthony Wayne defeated the Indians in a battle near Fallen Timbers. Indian resistance continued for several more decades as white settlements expanded, increasingly claiming native hunting and fishing land.
The last major encounter was the Battle of Tippecanoe, led by General William Henry Harrison. The area became part of the U.S. Soon after, it became part of the Northwest Territory, then the Territory of Indiana, and joined the Union in 1816 as the nineteenth state. Immediately afterwards, Indiana asked the federal government to expel Native Americans.
In 1817, individual tribes began to give up their remaining land in exchange for reservations in Oklahoma and Kansas. This started with the Shawnee, Delaware and Wyandot. Soon, the Kickapoo, the Piankashaw and the Wea were forcibly expelled, followed by the Potawatomi, who were forced to march to Kansas in the middle of winter, on the Death Trail. The Mississippi River and its tributaries (Ohio and Wabash) were the main outlet for the growing abundance of the Midwest.
Access to navigable water was essential for economic development because there were few roads suitable for heavy transport in the early and mid-19th century. Since the costs of shipping goods to and from the east were almost prohibitive, Indiana advocated the construction of canals and invested in it. In 1826, Congress granted land adjoining the proposed Wabash and Erie canals. In the ten years between 1840 and 1850, the counties bordering the canal saw a population increase of 397 percent; the more fertile, but more remote, counties saw an increase of 190 percent.
The channel also brought emigration from Ohio, New York and New England to newly established counties in two-thirds of the state's upstate. Foreign immigration came mainly from Ireland and Germany. Later, the Wabash and Erie Canal was finally abandoned, as rail mileage increased. Since 1964, when Indiana backed Democrat Lyndon B.
Johnson over Republican Barry Goldwater, Indiana has favored the Republican candidate in the federal election. However, half of Indiana's governors in the 20th century were Democrats. Previously, Indiana was home to two major military installations, Grissom Air Force Base, near Peru (reduced to reservist operations in 1999) and Fort Benjamin Harrison, near Indianapolis, now closed, although the Department of Defense continues to operate a large financial center there. Despite its reliance on manufacturing, Indiana has been much less affected by the decline in traditional Rust Belt manufacturers than many of its neighbors.
In part, Indiana's economy is considered to be one of the most business-friendly in the U.S. This is partly due to its conservative business climate, low corporate taxes, relatively low union membership, and labor laws. The at-will employment doctrine is in effect, according to which an employer may dismiss an employee for any reason or without him. In addition, Indiana's workforce is mainly found in medium and small cities, rather than in very large and expensive metropolises.
This makes it possible for companies to offer slightly lower salaries for these skills than would normally be paid. In other words, companies often see Indiana as an opportunity to gain above average skills with lower than average salaries. Indiana is home to the international headquarters of the pharmaceutical company Eli Lilly in Indianapolis, as well as the headquarters of Mead Johnson Nutritionals, a division of Bristol-Myers Squibb, in Evansville. Elkhart, in the north, also has a strong economic base for pharmaceutical products, although this has changed over the past decade with the closure of Whitehall Laboratories in the 1990s and the planned reduction of the large Bayer complex.
Overall, Indiana ranks fifth among all of the United States,. States in total sales and shipments of pharmaceutical products and the second highest in number of biopharmacy-related jobs. The state is located within the Corn Belt. Corn and its by-products, and feedlots for processing pigs and cattle are an important sector in Indiana's agricultural production.
Soybeans are also an important cash crop. Its proximity to large urban centers, such as Chicago, ensures markets for dairies, egg production and specialty agriculture, including melons, tomatoes, grapes and mint. Most of the original land was not grassland and had to be cleared of deciduous trees. There remain many parcels of forest that support a furniture manufacturing sector in the southern part of the state.
In mining, Indiana is probably best known for its decorative limestone in the southern, mountainous part of the state, especially Lawrence County (the home area of Apollo I astronaut Gus Grissom). One of the many public buildings faced with this stone is The Pentagon, and after the attacks of September 11, 2001, the Indiana mining industry made a special effort to replace damaged walls with a type and cut of material almost identical to those of the original coating. There are also large coal mines in the southern part of the state. Like most Great Lakes states, Indiana has small to medium-sized operating oil fields; its main location today is in the extreme southwest, although oil drilling rigs can be seen operating outside Terre Haute.
Being centrally located, 60 percent of the United States can be reached in a day's drive from Indiana. The state has extremely accessible and well-maintained land, rail, water and air transportation systems. There are more than 680 airport facilities in the state. Indianapolis International Airport serves the Indianapolis metropolitan area.
Other major airports include Evansville Regional Airport, Fort Wayne International Airport (home to the 122nd fighter wing of the Air National Guard) and South Bend Regional Airport. The southern part of the state also has Louisville International Airport, across the Ohio River, in Louisville, Kentucky. Indiana has 10 different interstate highways, more than any other state in the U.S. This system includes a total of 11,000 road miles.
The number of intersecting roads in and around Indianapolis earned it the nickname the Crossroads of the United States. German is the highest reported ancestry in Indiana, with 22.7 percent of the population reporting that ancestry in the census. There are also many people who cite American (12.0 percent) and English (8.9 percent) descent, as are Irish (10.8 percent) and Poles (3.0 percent). The Indiana Department of Education contains a Service Learning Division known as Action Without Borders, which uses service delivery as a means of education.
In addition to regular classroom work, this program helps students from kindergarten to twelfth grade meet the needs of the community, while improving their academic skills and learning habits. Indiana colleges and universities attract the fourth highest number of out-of-state students in the country and the largest out-of-state student population in the Midwest. In addition, Indiana ranks third in the country when it comes to keeping high school seniors in the state, with Indiana colleges and universities attracting 88 percent of attendees. The state's top higher education institutions include Indiana University, the Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology, Purdue University, the University of Notre Dame, Indiana-Purdue in Indianapolis, the Wesleyan University of Indiana, Butler University, Ball State University, Valparaiso University, the Wabash College and DePauw The university among the many public and private institutions located in the state.
The state of Indiana is located at coordinates 40.0° N, 86.0° W. Indiana shares its northern border with Michigan, eastern border with Ohio, southern and southeastern border with Kentucky and western border with Illinois. The total length of the limit is 1,696 miles. Indiana extends more than 160 miles in an east-west direction and 280 miles in a north-south direction.
Indiana's fifty state senators are elected for four-year terms and one hundred state representatives for two-year terms. The judiciary consists of the Indiana Supreme Court, the Court of Appeals, the Indiana Tax Court and local circuit courts. The other three independent state universities are Vincennes University (founded in 1801 by the Indiana Territory), Ball State University (1991) and Southern Indiana University (1965 as ISU—Evansville). Hamilton County's east-west highways continue Indianapolis's numbered street system from 96th Street on the Marion County Line to 296th Street on the Tipton County Line.
Indiana is also home to a major unlimited powerboat seaplane racing circuit in the main H1 Unlimited league, Madison Regatta (Madison, Indiana). Other Class I railroads in Indiana include Canadian National Railway and Soo Line Railroad, a subsidiary of Canadian Pacific Railway, as well as Amtrak. Indiana Dunes State Park stretches 15 miles along Indiana Dunes NATIONAL Park (don't get confused). Its proximity to large urban centers, such as Indianapolis and Chicago, guarantees the production of dairy products, eggs and specialized horticulture.
The area now known as Indiana has been populated since before the development of the Hopewell culture (ca. In 1816, when Congress passed an enabling Act to begin the process of establishing Indiana's statehood, part of this territorial territory became the geographical area of the new state. The small part of the northern part of Indiana (USA). USA) forms the coast with Lake Michigan; the coast with Lake Michigan facilitates the state with the maritime route.
Indiana's Native American tribes sided with French Canadians during the French and Indian War (also known as the Seven Years' War). . .